This Press Release was originally published by the Press Information Bureau, Government of India
In order to strengthen neonatal services in the country, funds are provided to States for establishing and running Special Newborn Care Units (SNCU), Newborn Stabilization Units (NBSU) and Newborn Baby Care Corners (NBCC). Funds are also provided to the States to train health care providers in essential newborn care through Navjat Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (NSSK). Funds have also been allocated to States for implementing Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK) which provides for free care and transport of sick newborn for first 30 days of birth. In addition, funds under NRHM are provided to States for implementation of several interventions aimed at improving overall maternal and child health.
As per SRS 2010 report of Registrar General of India, Neo-natal Mortality Rate is 33 per thousand live births in India. Details are annexed for the major states.
The medical causes of neonatal deaths in India are Infections (29%) such as Pneumonia, Septicemia and Umbilical Cord infection; Prematurity (24%) i.e birth of newborn before 37 weeks of gestation and Asphyxia (19%) i.e. inability to breathe immediately after birth that leads to lack of Oxygen. Various contributing factors for neonatal mortality include (a) Home delivery by unskilled persons (b) Lack of essential new born care for asphyxia and hypothermia (c) Poor child care practices (d) Lack of early detection of sick newborn (e) Inadequate/Delayed referral mechanisms (f) Inadequate infrastructure for specialized care of sick newborn.
The above information was laid in the Rajya Sabha today by the Union Minister for Health & Family Welfare Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad.