Addressing Critical Knowledge Gaps in Newborn Health

Resources

Drawing from the previously reported frameworks for scaling up health interventions and our experience in the USA and abroad, we describe a framework for taking health interventions to full scale, and we use two large-scale improvement initiatives in Africa to illustrate the framework in action.

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The aim of this case study was to understand the institutionalisation processes of facility-based KMC services in three Asian countries (India, Indonesia and the Philippines) and the reasons for the slow uptake of KMC in these countries.

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Few community-based strategies to improve maternal and newborn health have been tested through India's government-approved Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs). We aimed to test the effect of participatory women's groups facilitated by ASHAs on birth outcomes, including neonatal mortality.

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With adequate coverage, the community-mobilization approach of women's groups practicing participatory learning and action is associated with a programmatically attractive reduction in neonatal mortality in low-resource high-burden settings.

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Objective- to investigate factors influencing the adoption of kangaroo mother care in different contexts.

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The Series confirms the benefits of breastfeeding in fewer infections, increased intelligence, probable protection against overweight and diabetes, and cancer prevention for mothers.

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In this issue of The Lancet Global Health, Jun Zhu and colleagues report data retrieved from China’s National Maternal Near Miss Surveillance System (NMNMSS), yielding a stillbirth rate of 8·8 per 1000 births for the period 2012–14.

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Previous estimates have highlighted a large global burden of stillbirths, with an absence of reliable data from regions where most stillbirths occur. We estimate SBRs and numbers for 195 countries, including trends from 2000 to 2015.

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In The Lancet Global Health, Hannah Blencowe and colleagues provide an important contribution to global health through a robust modelling effort to estimate the global stillbirth rates at 28 weeks or more on both a country and regional basis.

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Malawi is estimated to have achieved its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 target. This paper explores factors influencing progress in child survival in Malawi including coverage of interventions and the role of key national policies.

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