Governments could substantially reduce the tragic death toll of infants and mothers by making postnatal care services more accessible – especially to impoverished and poorly educated women in rural areas, according to a study.
To learn more, Goats and Soda spoke with report co-author Robert Black, the director of the Institute for International Programs at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University.
The rise in deaths from preterm birth complications actually coincides with a dramatic decline in the worldwide mortality rate of children under five.
The findings, published in the journal The Lancet, found nearly 1.1 million children died in 2013 as a result of being born prematurely.
“This marks a turning of the tide, a transition from infections to neonatal conditions, especially those related to premature births, and this will require entirely different medical and public health approaches.”
“We have an epidemic of preterm and newborn deaths that represents one of the greatest health challenges of the 21st century. Two-thirds of these deaths could be prevented without intensive care,” said Francisco.
Mehr als jedes sechste Kind, das keine fünf Jahre alt wird, stirbt an den Komplikationen und Folgen einer Frühgeburt, wie Wissenschaftler in eine neue Studie ermittelt haben.
“Millions of children are still dying of preventable causes at a time when we have the means to deliver cost-effective interventions,” the study authors wrote.
Most are from preventable causes such as diseases like pneumonia, malnutrition and complications in labour, but new research highlights success in Rwanda.
“Progress requires working with other government officials, not to mention the private sector, civil society, religious organizations, and community leaders.”