Factors affecting neonatal mortality in the general population: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS)—multilevel analysis

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This study was aimed to identify factors affecting neonatal mortality in Ethiopia.


According to the multilevel multivariable logistic regression analysis, the odds of neonatal mortality was significantly associated with husbands with no education (AOR = 2.30, 95% CI 1.10, 4.83), female birth (AOR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.39, 0.83), twin birth (AOR = 13.62, 95% CI 7.14, 25.99), pre-term birth (AOR = 15.07, 95% CI 7.80, 29.12) and mothers with no antenatal care (ANC) visit during pregnancy (AOR = 1.90 95% CI 1.11, 3.25).


In this study husbands with no or primary education, being a male neonate, being a twin birth, preterm pregnancy, and having no ANC visit were statistically significant predictors of neonatal death. Therefore, women should be encouraged to have ANC visits. Close follow up and monitoring should also be given for twin and preterm births.

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