Management of Possible Serious Bacterial Infection in the Private Sector of Nepal’s Health System Pilot Study Report

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Nepal has made significant progress in reducing child mortality to 39 per 1,000 live births in 2016 but, despite this progress, the 2016 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) estimated that neonatal mortality contributed to 54% of under-5 mortality.

One of the leading causes of newborn deaths in Nepal is neonatal infection (sepsis), which is preventable and treatable. Nepal’s Every Newborn Action Plan aspires to reduce newborn deaths to 18.9 per 1,000 live births by 2020 and to 10.9 by 2035.

To do so, improving quality of infection management requires more attention, given the burden of newborn deaths resulting from Possible Serious Bacterial Infection (PSBI).

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