Child rearing practices and family environment determine the health of newborn. Harmful newborn care practices are the risk factors for late onset neonatal sepsis. The objective was to identify newborn practices related to breastfeeding, cord care, hygiene of newborn and thermal care practice at home of admitted neonates with diagnosis Late Onset Neonatal Sepsis in pediatric unit of B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences tertiary center in eastern Nepal.
Descriptive cross sectional study was carried out from December 2014 to January 2015 using consecutive sampling. Semi structured, pretested questionnaire was used to interview 40 mothers. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20, descriptive and inferential statistics were used.
Initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of delivery was practiced by only 40% of mother. Among neonates, 65% were given colostrum, 25% were given pre lacteal feed, and 45% were given formula milk and animal milk. Mustard oil was used to care umbilical cord by 72.5 %. Hand washing was practiced by 62.5 % before touching the baby. Application of kajal (52.5%) in eyes and use of mustard oil (95%) for massaging newborn was common. For thermal care, burning charcoal (75%) was mostly used. The study revealed association between newborn care and mother education, per capita income of family and family type (p =0.012, p= 0.012, p=0.039) respectively.
Majority of practices in breast feeding and thermal care were good however in cord care and newborn hygiene practices was poor which stresses the need for the promotion of health education program to mothers by health care facilities.