Addressing Critical Knowledge Gaps in Newborn Health

Preterm Birth

According to the most recent estimates, preterm birth is the leading cause of death among all children under 5 years of age, claiming more than 1 million lives every year. Across the world, over 15 million babies are born too soon and the rates of preterm birth are increasing in almost all countries. Survivors may face a lifetime of disability, including learning disabilities and visual and hearing problems. Babies born before 37 weeks of pregnancy are at risk due to loss of body heat, breathing difficulties, infections and a lack of proper nutrition.