This FIGO Statement sets out a bill of rights for childbirth. It has been produced by obstetrics and gynaecology professional membership organisations, led by FIGO, the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, in collaboration with national public health organisations and charities.
The bill of rights supports the theme for the 2021 World Health Organization (WHO) World Patient Safety Day to ‘Act now for safe and respectful childbirth’. It will help to power Sustainable Development Goals 3.1 and 3.2, which aim to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births and end preventable deaths of children and newborns by 2030.
All countries have an obligation to respect, protect and fulfil the right to health, including maternal health. Maternal health encompasses the health care dimensions of pre-pregnancy, prenatal and postnatal care. Together, they ensure a positive and fulfilling experience and wellness during pregnancy, at the time of birth and during parenting.
All countries must provide safe, inclusive, accessible, affordable and respectful maternity care to ensure the best possible health outcomes. This can be achieved through the following actions.