Transforming care for the 30 million vulnerable newborns who are currently being left behind is a smart investment in the health and development of future generations. There are proven interventions that can transform inpatient care for small and sick newborns, including Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC).

KMC refers to the practice of providing continuous skin-to-skin contact between mother and baby, exclusive breastmilk feeding, and early discharge from hospital. It has shown to decrease mortality and morbidity in preterm and low birthweight infants by providing protection from infection; regulating temperature, breathing, and brain activity; and encouraging mother-baby bonding.


percentage reduction in mortality of low birthweight infants (<2000g) who receive KMC compared to conventional neonatal care*

KMC implementation

The World Health Organization recommends KMC for the routine care of newborns weighing 2000 grams or less at birth. However, country-level adoption and implementation have been limited, and only a very small proportion of newborns who could benefit from KMC receive it. Barriers to KMC implementation include inadequate knowledge and skills for KMC, misperception of KMC as a “second-best” alternative to incubator care, cultural norms that make practice of skin-to-skin care difficult, poor data availability for KMC practice, and inadequate policy and professional commitment to KMC.

Accelerating KMC uptake

The KMC Acceleration Partnership community of practice is transitioning to the IBP Network and expanding its technical reach to cover an array of interventions that help ensure the survival, health and wellbeing of small and sick newborns. As a new community of practice, the Care of the Small and Sick Newborn CoP (SSNB CoP), is an interactive platform that allows practitioners and experts to exchange ideas, share lessons learned, disseminate and discuss implementation research results and evidence in the area of newborn health. Click here to register and access webinars, networking, resources, events and much more. For more information, contact:

Key resources