Coronaviruses are a group of viruses belonging to the family of Coronaviridae, which infect both animals and humans. Human coronaviruses can cause mild disease similar to a common cold, while others cause more severe disease (such as MERS – Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and SARS – Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome). A new coronavirus that previously has not been identified in humans emerged in Wuhan, China in December 2019.
Signs and symptoms include respiratory symptoms and include fever, cough and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome and sometimes death. Standard recommendations to prevent the spread of COVID-19 include frequent cleaning of hands using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water; covering the nose and mouth with a flexed elbow or disposable tissue when coughing and sneezing; and avoiding close contact with anyone that has a fever and cough.
WHO is working closely with global experts, governments and partners to rapidly expand scientific knowledge on this new virus and to provide timely advice on measures to protect people’s health and prevent the spread of this outbreak.
Please refer to the following interim guidance for more information:
- Q&A on COVID-19, pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding
- Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public: Healthy Parenting
- Operational considerations for case management of COVID-19 in health facility and community
- Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) when COVID-19 disease is suspected – Interim Guidance (3/13/2020)
- Advice for health workers
- Advice for a safer workplace
- Surveillance and case definition
- Laboratory guidance
- Patient management
- Home care of patients with suspected infection or mild infection
Other important resources:
- UNICEF: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) – What parents should know
- Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by Johns Hopkins CSSE
- Guideline for pregnant women with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection
- Interim Guidance on Scaling-up COVID-19 Outbreak in Readiness and Response Operations in Camps and Camp-like Settings (IFRC, IOM, UNHCR and WHO)
- The Lancet Coronavirus Resource Center
- CDC: Frequently Asked Questions and Answers – Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Pregnancy
- CDC: Interim Guidance on Breastfeeding for a Mother Confirmed or Under Investigation For COVID-19
- Jhpiego: Initial Assessment of Clients Presenting for Intrapartum Care – Summary of Key Considerations in the Context of COVID-19
- Covid-19 and reproductive health: What can we learn from previous epidemics?
- What are the risks of COVID-19 infection in pregnant women?
- Clinical characteristics and intrauterine vertical transmission potential of COVID-19 infection in nine pregnant women: a retrospective review of medical records
- Coronavirus (COVID 19) Infection in pregnancy – information for healthcare professionals
- Lancet correspondence: Guidelines for pregnant women with suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection
- Interim Considerations for Infection Prevention and Control of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Inpatient Obstetric Healthcare Settings
- COVID-19 in pregnant women- author’s reply
- Appendix case management flowchart Obstetric COVID-19
- The species Severe acute respiratory syndrome related coronavirus: classifying 2019-nCoV and naming it SARS-CoV-2